African Creeks were among the first men of African descent to find themselves in battle in the Civil
War. They were among the many who travelled with Creek leader Opotholeyahola into Kansas early in the war.
Entering the free state of Kansas, new options were presented to them and they seized their freedom, enlisted in the Union Army and became soldiers in two regiments of the US Colored Troops. Their enlistment began as the 1st and 2nd Kansas Colored regiments.
Partial List of Creek Freedmen in the 79th US Colored Infantry
79th US Colored Infantry
83rd US Colored Infantry
Seminole Freedmen in the US Colored Troops