In the US Civil War, men of African Descent were active in the quest for freedom. Some had followed Creeks into Kansas. While there, some found themselves in a new status--that of free men. The opportunity to engage in the battle for freedom, several enlisted in one of three groups--Indian Home Guards, 1st and 2nd Kansas Colored Infantries, or the US Colored Troops. Note that the 1st and 2nd Kansas Colored regiments were later re-designated as the 79th and 83rd US Colored Infantries, respectively.
Cherokee Freedmen are found mostly among US Colored Troops, in both 79th and 83rd regiments. However, a few names are found in other regiments as well.
To honor Cherokee Freedmen Civil War Soldiers a partial list is placed here. Additional research is much needed to compile a comprehensive list, and hopefully someday such a project will be undertaken. Many of these men died during the war, and others died prior to the Dawes enrollment era, so many names have simply been forgotten with time. And some were born and enslaved in the Cherokee Nation, but moved away from the Territory in later years. Thankfully, Civil War records reflect their names, and their place of birth, their names can still be called and should be remembered.
Indian Home Guards
George C. Davis
Dick Linch (Lynch)
May the service of these men of the Cherokee Nation who served honorably in the Civil War and the quest for freedom, be remembered and honored.